Galaxy Audio Setting up PA and Monitors User Manual
Galaxy Audio Audio accessories
How to Monitor Effectively - Using the Hot Spot and Hot Spot V.C.
Without stage monitors, today's live music would probably not sound as good as it does. If you are a
musician or vocalist, you know how important it is to hear yourself clearly; you need to keep in tune and in
sync with the other instruments in the band. The high sound pressure levels of the amplifiers used today
often make this difficult. But monitors can also cause more than their share of problems. After reading this
section, you will understand why this is so, and what can be done about it.
Gain vs. Power
Feedback, the dreaded "Soundman's Curse", that awful squealing and screeching sound, is caused by a
regeneration of sound leaving the speaker and entering the microphone. A never-ending cycle is created
and the volume must be decreased to stop it. In a sound system, the amount of gain, or volume before
feedback, is not merely determined by the size of the power amplifier. The relationship between the
microphones and speakers and the room they are in will affect the gain of the system as well. Let's look at
two extreme cases:
In figure 1-2 we see the worst possible case of gain limiting. The microphone is pointed directly at the n the
speaker. We can't turn volume up at all without going into feedback immediately. We may be using only
1/1000th of the power available to us. With a 100-watt amp, that's only 1/10 of a watt!
In figure 1-3, we have increased the distance between the microphone and the speaker to 500'. We can get
100% gain and use all 100 watts of power without going into feedback.
Setting up your P.A. System and Monitors.
Obviously, in most cases we can't locate the microphones 500' away from the speakers. Therefore, we
have to place the speakers to adequately cover the listening area and, at the same time, place the
microphones so that we maximize the gain. Figure 1-4 shows a typical example:
In most cases, the speakers should be placed on stands, slightly above the heads of the audience, and in
front of and to each side of the stage. They should be turned slightly inward, but be careful! The more they
are turned in, the less gain you will have, as the sound begins to be directed at the microphones. Remember,
a few degrees of rotation can make a big difference!