Troubleshooting – I.C.T.C. Holdings Corporation 300S Legend User Manual

Page 15

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300S / 300SL LEGEND Owner’s Manual



The backward movement of the piston, creates a vacuum in the hydraulic system. This causes the
hydraulic outgo valve to close and the hydraulic intake valve to open (fig# 1). Opening of the hydraulic
intake valve allows a new supply of hydraulic oil to enter the system, replacing the oil which was used on the
forward stroke. Once again a corresponding re-action is taking place in the paint pump. The diaphragm is
pushed backward by the paint intake spring, (ref# 15). The backward diaphragm movement causes a vacuum
in the paint pump. This vacuum causes the intake valve to open, allowing a new supply of paint to enter. The
corresponding paint outgo valve is drawn closed by the vacuum created by the diaphragm.
These operations are repeated at a rate of 750 times a minute. These continuously repeated actions draw
paint into the pump, pressurize it, and then deliver it to the gun. The failure, of any one valve, to operate
correctly will effect the overall equipment performance.
Each of the five valves mentioned earlier, have an important function and will effect the overall
performance of the unit if not performing correctly.


The hydraulic intake valve, is a small vacuum valve which controls the hydraulic oil entering the
hydraulic pump/cylinder area. Once the oil has past through the valve it is prevented from returning. The
valve is commonly called a “one way check valve”. Valve failure will result in the hydraulic pump being
unable to build pressure, and the diaphragm will stop moving. Spray pressure will cease.


The hydraulic outgo valve, better known as the "pressure control valve", is used to control the units
operating pressure. The valve is fully adjustable from 0 psi. to 3000 psi. By turning the pressure control valve
knob (ref# 74) clockwise the pressure is increased. The hydraulic pump continues to build at all times and
must have a means of releasing this pressure. Pressure applied to the P.C. ball, (ref# 87) will keep it lodged
in the P.C. seat (ref# 86) until the internal hydraulic oil pressure is sufficient to cause it to open. The point at
which the oil is released is equal to the level set by the control knob. As components within the pressure
control valve wear, the valve looses its ability to maintain or reach the required pressures (see "low static


The paint intake valve is made up of five items, endcap (ref# 11) complete with seat (ref# 12), intake
ball (ref# 13), cage complete with spring (ref# 14), and large spring (ref# 15). The intake valve controls the
incoming flow of spray materials and is responsible for keeping them from returning to the source. The ball
must be able to create a complete seal on the seat, otherwise pressure will be lost. A worn intake valve will
permit correct static pressure, but supply lower spray pressure. A worn intake ball will become smaller in
diameter and loose its ability to seal at the seat. A worn seat will develop a large step in the area where
contact with the ball is made. This can cause the intake ball to distort in shape making the ball egg shaped. If
the valve assembly becomes warm to the touch, this may be a sign of a loose or worn seat or erosion / wash
out of the endcap block. The seat is Loc-Titeed into the endcap and must remain tightly sealed at all times.