GORMAN-RUPP OM--04760 User Manual
SELF-PRIMING CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
PAGE B -- 6
Figure 2. Valve in Open Position
During the priming cycle, air from the pump casing
flows through the bypass line, and passes through
the Air Release Valve to the wet well (Figure 2).
Figure 3. Valve in Closed Position
When the pump is fully primed, pressure resulting
from flow against the valve diaphragm com-
presses the spring and closes the valve (Figure 3).
The valve will remain closed, reducing the bypass
of liquid to 1 to 5 gallons (3.8 to 19 liters) per min-
ute, until the pump loses its prime or stops.
Some leakage (1 to 5 gallons or 3.8 to 19
liters per minute) will occur when the
valve is fully closed. Be sure the bypass
line is directed back to the wet well or
tank to prevent hazardous spills.
When the pump shuts down, the spring returns the
diaphragm to its original position. Any solids that
may have accumulated in the diaphragm chamber
settle to the bottom and are flushed out during the
next priming cycle.
The valve will remain open if the pump does not
reach its designed capacity or head. Valve closing
pressure is dependent upon the discharge head of
the pump at full capacity. The range of the valve
closing pressure is established by the tension rate
of the spring as ordered from the factory. Valve clos-
ing pressure can be further adjusted to the exact
system requirements by moving the spring retain-
ing pin up or down the plunger rod to increase or
decrease tension on the spring. Contact your Gor-
man-Rupp distributor or the Gorman-Rupp Com-
pany for information about an Automatic Air Re-
lease Valve for your specific application.
Air Release Valve Installation
The Automatic Air Release Valve must be inde-
pendently mounted in a horizontal position and
connected to the discharge line of the self-priming
centrifugal pump (see Figure 4).
If the Air Release Valve is to be installed on a
pump application, contact the factory for specific