Performance terms, What is performance tuning, What – Oracle Audio Technologies A86828-01 User Manual

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Performance Terms


Oracle HTTP Server powered by Apache Performance Guide

Performance Terms

Following are performance terms used in this book:

What is Performance Tuning?

Performance must be built in. You must anticipate performance requirements
during application analysis and design, and balance the costs and benefits of
optimal performance (see

"Setting Performance Targets"

on page 1-7). This section

introduces some fundamental concepts:

Response Time

System Throughput


The ability to handle multiple requests simultaneously.
Threads and processes are examples of concurrency


The time that one system component spends waiting for
another component in order to complete the entire task.
Latency can be defined as wasted time. In networking
discussions, latency is defined as the travel time of a
packet from source to destination.

response time

The time between the submission of a request and the
completion of the response.


The ability of a system to provide throughput in
proportion to, and limited only by, available hardware

A scalable system is one that can handle increasing
numbers of requests without adversely affecting response
time and throughput.

service time

The time between the initiation and completion of the
response to a request.

think time

The time the user is not engaged in actual use of the


The number of requests processed per unit of time.

wait time

The time between the submission of the request and
initiation of the response.