Appendix b: glossary – NetComm V24W User Manual
NetComm VoIP WiFi Phone V24W User Guide
Appendix B: Glossary
This glossary contains some basic networking terms you may come across when using this
Access Point - A device that allows wireless-equipped computers and other devices to
communicate with a wired network. Also used to expand the range of a wireless network.
Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer)
without the use of an access point.
Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.
Bit - A binary digit.
Boot - To start a device and cause it to start executing instructions.
Broadband - An always-on, fast Internet connection.
Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the
information on the World Wide Web.
Byte - A unit of data that is usually eight bits long.
Cable Modem - A device that connects a computer to the cable television network, which in turn
connects to the Internet.
Default Gateway - A device that forwards Internet traffic from your local area network.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows
administrators to assign temporary IP addresses to network computers by “leasing” an IP address
to a user for a limited amount of time, instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.
DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) - Removes the Router's firewall protection from one PC, allowing it to
be “seen” from the Internet. DNS (Domain Name Server) - The IP address of your ISP's server,
which translates the names of websites into IP addresses. Domain - A specific name for a
network of computers.
Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) - An always-on broadband connection over traditional phone
Dynamic IP Address - A temporary IP address assigned by a DHCP server.
Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.
Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved
from a common transmission medium.
Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network.
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