Appendix b: glossary – NetComm V24W User Manual

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NetComm VoIP WiFi Phone V24W User Guide

Appendix B: Glossary

This glossary contains some basic networking terms you may come across when using this

Access Point - A device that allows wireless-equipped computers and other devices to
communicate with a wired network. Also used to expand the range of a wireless network.

Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer)
without the use of an access point.

Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.

Bit - A binary digit.

Boot - To start a device and cause it to start executing instructions.

Broadband - An always-on, fast Internet connection.

Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the
information on the World Wide Web.

Byte - A unit of data that is usually eight bits long.

Cable Modem - A device that connects a computer to the cable television network, which in turn
connects to the Internet.

Default Gateway - A device that forwards Internet traffic from your local area network.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows
administrators to assign temporary IP addresses to network computers by “leasing” an IP address
to a user for a limited amount of time, instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.

DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) - Removes the Router's firewall protection from one PC, allowing it to
be “seen” from the Internet. DNS (Domain Name Server) - The IP address of your ISP's server,
which translates the names of websites into IP addresses. Domain - A specific name for a
network of computers.

Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.

DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) - An always-on broadband connection over traditional phone

Dynamic IP Address - A temporary IP address assigned by a DHCP server.

Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.

Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved
from a common transmission medium.

Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network.

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